Tasmania is an island state of Australia located off the country's southern coast. Known for its wild and rugged natural beauty, Tasmania is made up of dense green forests, snow-capped mountains, and windswept coastal plains. Popular tourist attractions include Port Arthur Historic Site, where you can explore a 19th century prison colony; Wineglass Bay in Freycinet National Park, with its pristine white sand beaches and turquoise waters; and Mount Wellington near the capital city Hobart which offers stunning panoramic views across the landscape. Tasmanian history dates back over 40 000 years to when Aboriginal people first arrived on the island. An interesting fact about Tasmania is that it was once an independent colony known as Van Diemen's Land from 1825 until it joined Australia in 1901 after a referendum by its citizens.