Visit Wales

3.2 million

Wales is a small but beautiful country that forms part of the United Kingdom. It is home to a culture steeped in history and literature, with ancient castles, historic monuments, and charming villages scattered across the countryside. Wales has some spectacular natural landscapes, offering everything from rugged mountains to rolling hills and dramatic coastlines. Tourists are drawn here for its stunning scenery, which includes the Brecon Beacons National Park and Snowdonia National Park.

To experience Welsh culture firsthand there are two must-see tourist attractions: Caernarfon Castle, located on the northern coast of Wales; it was built by Edward I in 1283 as part of his campaign to conquer Wales. And Conwy Castle located on the banks of Conwy River; it was built during Edward's conquest as well and is an excellent example of medieval military architecture.

An interesting historical fact about Wales is that it was initially inhabited by Celts who maintained their independence until 1282 when England finally overcame resistance from native lords at the conclusion of a lengthy conflict known as "Edward's Conquest". Today only two countries within Europe retain Celtic language - Ireland (Irish Gaelic) and Wales (Welsh).